THE PROTECTION OF WATER IS A DETERMINING FACTOR IN ENSURING THE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF INLAND NAVIGATION, AND THE REGULATION OF THE TRANSPORT OF DANGEROUS GOODS HAS LONG BEEN A PRIORITY FOR THE SECTOR THROUGHOUT EUROPE.
At the Rhine level
Since the 19th century there have been specific rules for the transport of dangerous goods (gunpowder, explosives, poisonous and corrosive substances, etc) on the Rhine, laiad down by the CCNR (ADNR).
This regulation has been updated regularly over the years, gradually improving harmonisation with the equivalent regulatory framework for transport by road (ADR) and rail (RID).
A landmark decision for Rhine navigation was made in 2008, urging the gradual transition from single hulls to double hulls for tankers transporting certain dangerous goods.
ADNR was superseded by ADN on 1 January 2011 .
At European and pan-European level
Starting in 1995, UNECE, working in close collaboration with the CCNR, was responsible for drawing up the European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Inland Waterways. Their work led to a new agreement (ADN), applicable on all European rivers since 1 January 2011. The regulation annexed to this agreement was chiefly based on the terms of the ADNR.
Parallel to these developments, the European Community adopted a Directive on the inland transport of dangerous goods. The new Directive applies the ADN regulation to the transport of dangerous goods by inland waterway within or between Member States.