Freight transport on the Main reach 16.7 million t in 2014. Approximately 6.2 million t of freight were carried on the Main-Danube Canal in 2014. The “food and feedstuffs” goods category was the most important on the Main-Danube Canal (at the Kelheim lock). Agricultural products were transported primarily towards the Rhine. Ores and metal wastes were mainly transported towards the Danube, which has to do with the Austrian steel industry in Linz.
In 2014, a total of 7.3 million t were transported on the German Danube between Kelheim and the Austrian border. On the Austrian section of the Danube, which is easier and safer to navigate, 10,1 million t have been transported in 2014. The three most important freight categories on the Austrian Danube are ores & metal wastes, mineral oil products and agricultural products.
Type of goods transported in Austria in 2014 in 1000 t
Source: Statistik Austria and Via Donau
The stretch of the Danube starting at the Austrian border at Pressburg and running through Slovakia, Hungary, Croatia and Serbia is referred to below as the Middle Danube. 7.8 million t were carried on Hungarian waterways in 2014. The proportions of export and import traffic are considerably lower in the countries of the Middle Danube region then they are in the countries bordering the Rhine. Transit traffic, on the other hand, plays a considerably larger role.
The following graphic illustrates the volumes for the three countries Slovakia, Hungary and Croatia. In Croatia, transit traffic possesses the relatively largest significance of all three countries. There is scarcely any export and import traffic here. This enables one to conclude that Croatian industry makes little use of the inland waterways. In Slovakia, transit traffic accounts for 67.5% (2014 figure). Export and import traffic together have a share of on third (33%) of total traffic. Unlike the other two countries, in Hungary both export and import traffic is in somewhat greater importance (72% of total Hungarian traffic).
Split of type of traffic in Middle Danube countries in 1000 t
Source: National Statistical Offices, data refer to 2014 (Hungary) and 2013 (Slovakia and Croatia)